self-defense

self-defense
The protection of one's person or property against some injury attempted by another. The right of such protection. An excuse for the use of force in resisting an attack on the person. Various state criminal statutes define the conditions of self defense. The Model Penal Code provides:
"A person is justified in the use of force against an aggressor when and to the extent it appears to him and he reasonably believes that such conduct is necessary to defend himself or another against such aggressor's imminent use of unlawful force. One who is not the aggressor in an encounter is justified in using a reasonable amount of force against his adversary when he reasonably believes:
(a) that he is in immediate danger of unlawful bodily harm from his adversary and
(b) that the use of such force is necessary to avoid this danger. It may be reasonable to use nondeadly force against the adversary's nondeadly attack (i.e., one threatening only bodily harm), and to use deadly force against his deadly attack (an attack threatening death or serious bodily harm), but it is never reasonable to use deadly force against his nondeadly attack." Model Penal Code No. 3.04. The principles of self-defense as a justification for the torts or assault and battery are very similar to those governing self-defense as a justification in the criminal law.
See Restatement, Second, Torts, No.No. 633, 65, 67 (1965).
See also
- reasonable force

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • SELF-DEFENSE — (in modern Jewish history). Jewish efforts against attacking mobs in Russia and in Austria Hungary from the end of the 19th century until shortly after World War I. The nature of the pogroms in this period (especially in the years 1881–82,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • self-defense — n. The act of defending oneself against threatened injury; the right to protect oneself or one’s family from immediately threatened harm, which can serve as a defense in a criminal or tort action arising out of injuries caused by an act of self… …   Law dictionary

  • self-defense — self defensive, adj. /self di fens , self /, n. 1. the act of defending one s person when physically attacked, as by countering blows or overcoming an assailant: the art of self defense. 2. a claim or plea that the use of force or injuring or… …   Universalium

  • Self-defense — Défense personnelle Pour les articles homonymes, voir Autodéfense. Défense avec la paume de main sur une tentative de saisie Le terme défense personnelle, ou le terme …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Self-défense — Défense personnelle Pour les articles homonymes, voir Autodéfense. Défense avec la paume de main sur une tentative de saisie Le terme défense personnelle, ou le terme …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Self defense — Défense personnelle Pour les articles homonymes, voir Autodéfense. Défense avec la paume de main sur une tentative de saisie Le terme défense personnelle, ou le terme …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Self défense — Défense personnelle Pour les articles homonymes, voir Autodéfense. Défense avec la paume de main sur une tentative de saisie Le terme défense personnelle, ou le terme …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Self-Defense — • The right of a private person to employ force against any one who unjustly attacks his life or person, his property or good name Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Self Defense     Self Defense …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • self-défense — [sɛlfdefɑ̃s] n. f. ÉTYM. 1873, in Höfler; 1869 comme mot angl., in Höfler; 1899 en zool. in Année sc. et industr. 1900, p. 151; angl. self defense, de self , et defense « défense ». ❖ ♦ Anglic. Procédé de défense où la personne attaquée n utilise …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • self-defense — self de fense noun uncount 1. ) actions that you take or force that you use in order to protect yourself: in self defense: Margaret claims she was acting in self defense when she shot him. 2. ) fighting skills that you can use to defend yourself… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • self-defense — [self′di fens′] n. 1. defense of oneself or of one s rights, beliefs, actions, etc. 2. the skill of boxing: usually in the phrase manly art of self defense 3. Law the right to defend oneself with whatever force is reasonably necessary against… …   English World dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”